Tikopia of Melanesia
ANT101: Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
Instructor Tawney Townsend
12 , 13, 2010
Tikopia of Melanesia
Id. The brand " Tikopia" (sometimes crafted " Tucopia" by early on European voyagers), given to a tiny Island inside the Solomon group, is also used by the habitants to themselves. The expression, glossed as " we, the Tikopia, " is commonly accustomed to differentiate themselves from the persons of various other islands inside the Solomons and elsewhere. Site. Tikopia is a little, isolated, large island, generally an wiped out volcano with fringing coral formations reef, growing to a top of three hundred and fifty meters but extending only 4. 6 square kms. It is in the southeast in the Solomons, at 168В°50вЂІ E and 12В° 18вЂІ T. Historically, before the mid-1950s, the Tikopia persons occupied only this island. But then, activated by the pressure of the populace on the food and by a desire for Experience of the outside world, Tikopia people started to settle in groups somewhere else in the Solomons. Now the substantial settlements abroad incorporate Nukufero in the Russell Island destinations, Nukukaisi (Waimasi) in San Cristobal, and Murivai in Vanikoro. Every Tikopia live in a exotic climate, with alternating trade-wind and monsoon seasons; through the latter all their homes will be subject to periodic hurricanes (tropical cyclones). Population analysis. About half a century ago Tikopia had a dense population, about 300 persons per sq . kilometer. This density triggered anxiety among the people's commanders, who dreaded food disadvantages. (In 1952-1953 a famine occurred because of a exotic cyclone. ) In 1929 the population involved 1, 270; by 1952 it had risen to about one particular, 750. Although by about 80, through emigration, the population in Tikopia Isle had been reduced to regarding 1, 75, while one more 1, 200 or so Tikopia lived in the external funds and around Honiara, the administrative centre of the Solomons. There is very much interchange of population between settlements and Tikopia Island. Linguistic Holding. The Tikopia are Hawaiian in Terminology and culture, their dialect being assigned to a European Polynesian grouping. But from neighboring peoples they have attained some Melanesian loan words and phrases as well as other social items. Tikopia has no dialects. But as the result of external get in touch with many Tikopia now speak English and all can use " pijin. " History and Cultural Relations
Coming from recent archaeological research it appears that Tikopia has been occupied for approximately 3, 500 years. 3 phases of traditional traditions have been distinguished. The earliest (c. 900 to 100 m. c. ) used nearby made sand-tempered earthenware of Lapitoid type; the second (c. 100 b. c. to AD. 1200) probably brought in its art, of even more elaborate design, from the New Hebrides (Vanuatu) to the south. Inside the latter part of the third phase (c. a. g. 1200 to 1800) simply no pottery utilized at all. Diet changes had been marked. Inside the first two phases pigs, fruit bats, and eels were ingested. By the end from the last stage, into the traditional period (c. AD. 1800 to present) no swines were retained and bats and eels were viewed with aversion as meals. The third traditional phase was seemingly a result of a separate immigration and bore a more markedly Polynesian personality. It is crystal clear that over the whole length of occupation Tikopia people have got irregular, occasional, but continual cultural contact with Polynesian and Melanesian peoples in other islands around, by difficult, often risky canoe Trips. European get in touch with began using a sighting with the island by Spanish voyagers in 1606, and was renewed inside the early nineteenth century by simply visits of Peter Dillon and Dumont d'Urville through later calls of labor recruiters and missionaries. Simply toward the finish of the century did the British federal government claim control over Tikopia; this kind of control was exercised just rarely till after World War II, during which Tikopia remained undisturbed. Since then equally mission and government connections have been pretty...