Tasks in Technology Class Times (Term II)
Carbon dioxide and its Compounds
9. Unsaturated organic ingredients: Organic chemical substances in which a double or a multiple bond is present between two carbon atoms in a co2 chain, these are known as unsaturated organic and natural compounds. 15. Hydrocarbons: Organic compounds that have only carbon and hydrogen atoms these are known as hydrocarbons. eleven. Straight cycle hydrocarbons: Hydrocarbons, in which every one of the carbon atoms are connected to one another in a straight chain by a solitary covalent connection are called directly chain hydrocarbons. 12. Branched chain hydrocarbons: Hydrocarbons, through which one or more carbon atoms are attached to the key straight chain of carbon atoms with a single covalent bond are called branched chain hydrocarbons. 13. Isomerism: The phenomenon because of which right now there can exist two or more organic compounds, with different physical and chemical homes, due to the difference in layout of carbon atoms within their structure, but have same substance formula is referred to as isomerism. 18. Homologous series: A group of users of the same category of organic compounds, which will differ from each other by a вЂ“ CH2 group, when arranged in the ascending order of molecular mass, is called a homologous series. 15. Homologous: The people of the same class of organic and natural compounds, once arranged in the ascending buy of molecular mass, such that they fluctuate by 14 amu or maybe a вЂ“ CH2 group are homologous. 18. Alkanes (saturated hydrocarbons): Ingredients of carbon and hydrogen, in which all of the valencies of carbon atoms are satisfied by one covalent you possess are called saturated hydrocarbons or perhaps alkanes.
1 ) Covalent connection or Molecular bond or perhaps Homopolar connect: A chemical substance bond shaped between two nonmetallic factors by the shared sharing of 1 or more electron pairs is referred to as covalent relationship. 2 . Covalency: The number of electron pairs which usually an atom of an factor mutually stocks and shares with one more atom or perhaps atoms of the identical or several elements, to be able to acquire a secure configuration like noble smells, is called covalency. 3. Real estate of covalent (molecular) mixture: (i) They have low melting point and boiling point. (ii) They may have low thickness, i. e., their density is generally less than that of normal water. (iii) They can be gaseous or perhaps volatile liquids or soft solids. (iv) They are insoluble in normal water, but soluble in organic solvents. (v) They are generally bad conductors of electricity. 4. Precious stone is the finest crystalline form of carbon which can be the hardest naturally occurring substance.
a few. Other genuine crystalline forms of carbon are graphite and fullerenes. In Buckminsterfullerene, each molecule provides 60 atoms arranged in hexagons and pentagons. six. Organic Biochemistry: The subset of chemistry dealing with carbon chemical substances other than carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and carbonates is named organic biochemistry. 7. Catenation: The property of carbon atoms to link with other carbon dioxide atoms or the atoms of other elements with sole, double or triple covalent bonds, to be able to form many compounds is named catenation. almost 8. Saturated organic and natural compounds: Organic and natural compounds by which all the several valencies of carbon atoms are pleased by single covalent bonds, are called saturated organic chemical substances. 1
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General solution for alkanes is CnH2n + a couple of where вЂn' stands for number of carbon atoms. 17. Alkenes: A homologous series of unsaturated hydrocarbons, characterised by the presence of double covalent bond (вЂ” C = C вЂ”) inside the
straight string of co2 atoms, are called alkenes. Basic formula pertaining to alkenes is CnH2n wherever n stands for the number of co2 atoms inside the carbon chain. 18. Alkynes: A homologous series of hydrocarbons, characterised by the triple covalent bond (вЂ” C в‰Ў C straight chain of carbon atoms alkynes. unsaturated presence of вЂ”) inside the are called 25.
Standard formula to get alkynes is definitely CnH2n вЂ“ 2, in which вЂn' is short for the number of carbon dioxide atoms in...